5 – 5 cm depending on soil condition and temperature. obtained at 75 cm × 25 cm spacing fertilized with 150 kg N ha-1. GROWTH AND YIELD BEHAVIOUR OF TWO MAIZE HYBRIDS TOWARDS DIFFERENT PLANT SPACING 35 population density and hybrids were non-significant. Soybeans were planted in the wide rows before the 140 reproductive stage of maize, with 40 cm row spacing. Rampur Effect of Intra-row spacing on growth and yield of Sorghum Intra-row spacing had no effect on stand count in both years (Table 1). Plants Varieties Sowing Rate Plant Spacing Row Spacing Plant/ha cm cm maize Fengdan 189 67,500 33 45 soybean Red bean 3 210,000 12 40 2. 27 m × 1.
, 36 cm from the plant row) under-estimated root mass and length by 34% and 23% for maize and soybean. 9790/2380-08922631 www. In that study narrow-row spacing of maize ranged from 80 to 20 cm under relay strip intercropping, the yield of intercropped maize decreased by 25. Row spacing was 76 cm. Twin-row concluded that spacing combinations of 65 x 25 cm responded favorably in attaining higher grain yield of maize in the area (Getaneh et al. While paired planting was done with a spacing of 45-75-45 cm x 30 cm.
disease severity, grain yield, plant height and plant weight of maize hybrid DHM 111 and evaluated various spacing and nitrogen dosages, those are close spacing (45 X 25 cm, plant 5 cm, (plant population per ha 66,666) and wide spacing (75 X 25 cm, plant population per ha was 57,142) and with different dose rates In 1:1 row ratio plot, one row of soybean was planted at the centre of two maize rows and within row spacing was maintained at 6. 3084 hybrid at 60 cm row width and hill spacing of 20 cm apart maximized maize productivity under the environmental conditions of Dakahlia Governorate, Egypt. 361136: 0 50 cm row spacing; • 75 cm row spacing. Grain yield therefore tends to respond to population densities of maize and spacing. In 2014, total world production was 1. Hay and Walker (1992) observed the influence of plant population density on maize dry matter yield where an increase up to plateau value to moderate densities were seen and significant reduction only at very high densities.
) Seeded in 76-cm Row Spacing Peanut Science 2018 45:1 For garden cultivation of maize, the plot is prepared in the form of beds. Maximum ear length (22. Shah et al. Narrow plant spacing of 15 cm produced higher grain yield of 2. 74 cm). The obligation to seed six rows derives from the 6-row beet lifters.
The results showed that land equivalent ratio (LER Effect of Plant Spacing and Weed Control Treatments on Maize Yield and Associated Weeds in Sandy Soils The highest biological and grain yields of maize resulted at spacing of 60 x 25 cm (28000 Planting is done either by hand or mechanically, and it may be done on hills or in rows, on ridges or on flat land. The yield edge provided by narrow rows was higher when maize was sown earlier in the season. Yield and Yield Components at Maize under Different Row Spacing, Plant Population and Growing Conditions . , 2002). 2002). Days to tasseling, grain weight per cob Corn should be planted in blocks (numerous rows) rather than in a single long row as it is wind pollinated and pollen can transfer between plants much more efficiently.
Seed rate was variable with majority (55%) of the farmers planting two seeds per hole while 43% planted one seed. The effect of four spacing viz: 75cm x 25cm, 75cm x 20cm, 75cm x 15cm and 75cm x 10cm respectively were evaluated. The recommended intra-row spacing was adopted for intercrops in intercropping treatments. 625 m2 for the maize-cowpea intercropped at 50 cm row spacing and 1. 2 cm). spacing of 45 cm.
At least 15 to 20 tons of well decomposed farm yard manure (FMY)/ha should be applied across the field or composted coir pith and apply 10 Azospirillum packets in the field. ) is third most important cereal crop of Pakistan after wheat and rice. Research Article Row Spacing, Landscape Position, and Maize Grain Yield GustavoÁngelMaddonni 1,2 andJoaquínMartínez-Bercovich 3 Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiol ´ogicas y Ecol ´ogicas Vinculadas a la Agricultura (IFEVA), Avenue San Mart ´ n , For maize having within ridge spacing of 75 cm, three stands of cowpea were maintained between two stands of maize. Wide spacing results in more weed growth and increases erosion. 0 cm higher than that under P0, respectively. To be fair, not all research on the effects of uneven plant spacing has supported the conclusions from my earlier research or Doerge et al.
(Source: National Maize Research Program, Rampur, Chitwan) Out of the above, Rampur composite is better for Mid- Hill area, which is described below: Rampur Composite is a variety of flint corn recommended in the year 1975. 08 t ha-1 in wider plant spacing of 30 cm during Abstract: The study examined the effect of spacing on extra early yellow maize variety TZESR —Y in Mubi Adamawa state with the objective of finding the most appropriate spacing for optimum yield. Gandhi and Dhiman (2010) also The resulting plants averaged 3 cobs per plant, compared with 2 per plant on the more closely spaced conventional controls. Two experiments were conducted (2006/07 and 2007/08) at different landscape positions in the Inland Pampas of Argentina. 13% . A little work each day means you will be ready on time.
2. Maize was planted following soybean [Glycine max (L. Grain yields were comparable only with maize planted at the narrower spaced rows (0,52 m) with a plant population of 60 000 plants/ha. CR, conventional spacing of 70 cm; NR, narrowed spacing of 35 or 52 cm; BRS, both row spacings combined. Ear length generally decreased with decrease in plant spacing. 5 g nitrogen (N) per plant.
Maize is the most widely grown grain crop throughout the Americas, with 361 million metric tons grown in the United States in 2014. Sown maize plants in hills 30 cm apart produced the greatest numbers of ears/plant and thick ears, highest grains weight/ear, shelling percentage and 100- grain weight. Closer spacing (15 x 15 cm or 10 x 10 cm) may be used depending on the availability of planters and the cost of transplanting. Likewise, in 1:2 row ratio plot, 2 rows of soybean were sown in between two maize rows at a distance of 25 cm and within row spacing was maintained at 13 cm. But ma maize preferably sown at 65 cm row spacing with nitrogen applied to both sides of the rows method to get maximum yield. This is similar to the findings of Gollar et al.
Good spacing is important for weeding and for airflow which helps reduces pests and disease. What fertilizer to use for maize? Generally, every farmer applied Farm Yard Manure at the land preparation time in corn farming. Abstract- The effect of seed size on germination and early growth of maize plant, was examined within three weeks to determine the best seed size require for planting. 28 t ha-1) was produced. VIOREL ION1, ADRIAN GHEORGHE BASA1, MARIN DUMBRAVA1, GEORGETA DICU2, GEORGETA TEMOCICO1, LENUTA IULIANA EPURE1, DANIEL STATE2. 20 to 0.
You must keep the 10 cm spacing between plant to plant and per second sow 2 seeds on a farm. characters which interplay to improve grain yield of maize (ii) spacing of 75 cm x 35 cm be used to enhance increased stem girth and leaf area whose photosynthetic activities could positively influence maize yield. The most significant differences were registered for Effect of spacing and fertility levels on protein content and yield of hybrid and composite maize… DOI: 10. So closer intra row spacing (20 cm) with 115 kg N ha-1 is suitable for the higher yield and high economic return of hybrid maize BH 546 during main seasons at Bako. Set the spacing of maize The distance of maize planting about 20 cm, while distance between lines 70-75 cm. Sunny NMH 777 ::::: Bond The appropriate planting depth varies from 2 to 10 cm, depending on the weather conditions and the moisture status of the soil.
Maize plant sown at spacing 60x20 cm (17. 54 t ha-1) in Mucuna-maize intercrop was observed at wider spacing (60x40 cm) when the field was weeded once (5 WAS). b) hyb. The recommended intra row spacing (30 cm) with 92 kg N ha-1 is insufficient for hybrid BH 546 maize cultivation. Seed placement depth. After the water has Farming equipment agricultural no till maize seedling planting machine, US $ 970 - 1,350 / Set, 1 Year, 12 Months, Farm, 2250*2050*1250mm.
00cm) on the other hand minimum was recorded in S 2 (12. There is The highest maize biomass (3. Roscoco beans were used for inter-cropping with maize. Various thermal indices including Growing degree days (GDD), Photothermal units (PTU), Heliothermal unit (HTU), Heat use efficiency (HUE), and Photothermal index (PTI) for Maize were calculated using standard methods for above treatments. The treatments were sole maize crop, sole cowpea crop, intercrop 1 (spacing of 40 cm between of maize and cowpea) and intercrop 2 (spacing of 30 cm between maize and cowpea served as treatments The experiment was montored from November to March The resuts show that ony maize Plant height (cm) Data regarding the effect of hybrids and plant spacing on plant height are given in Table-4. 00 m) under 27 cm (normal) and 6 cm (narrow) plant spacing and treated with zero and 7.
, H 1 - CO H (M)6 and H 2 - CO H (M)7 and in the sub plot, two spacing viz. C. 67 cm) while lowest was recorded in T 1 (11. Results indicated that the highest total dry biomass (per plot) was recorded for the absolute control (2. , 2016) . 2 and 17.
similar effects of plant spacing variability on maize grain yield, with reported yield losses due to PSV averaging 84 kg ha-1 per cm increase in SD (Doerge et al. after germination maize was top-dressed with 26 kg ha-1N. 26 qt/ha) and IWUE (0. Keywords: Cultivars, growth, intra-row spacing, maize, planting density, yield and yield components. Sorghum is the fifth most important grain crop after maize, wheat, rice and barley. Holes should be precisely 60 cm by 75 cm apart.
Sorghum farming in Kenya is an important agricultural activity in the economy. Pour about 2 l of water into the hole. 1Faculty of Agriculture, University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest The objective of this study was to understand the effects of plant spacing on grain yield and root competition in summer maize (Zea mays L. Sufficient drains are provided to drain off excess water during rainy periods. Make a hole with a hand hoe or spade at each planting station. Moreover, the competitive interaction of the intercrops was affected by the distance between maize and soybean rows.
Reducing row spacing significantly suppressed the weed density and biomass. Legwaila, Thembinkosi Mathowa*, Phizana Makopola, Christopher Mpofu and Witness Mojeremane Department of Crop Science and Production, Botswana College of Agriculture, Private Bag 0027, Gaborone, Botswana *Corresponding author ABSTRACT This maize farming project report describes the cultivation procedures and at the end of the document it describes about the minimum investment structure required for farming maize or production of maize in a small area of land along with the profits one can expect. Maize become more susceptible to pests and diseases when temperature, rainfall, and humidity are high. Two seeds were planted per hill and later thinned to 1 seedling, when plants were 10cm tall (53,000 plants/ha). For pure stand of maize in Kenya the Ministry of Agriculture recommends spacing between rows of 75 cm and between individual plants 30 cm for all areas with adequate rainfall, resulting in a total plant population of 44,000 plants/ha. 0.
Planting and spacing Plant the maize in rows spaced 1 m at intervals of 50 cm within the row, or when water is in short supply, 60 cm apart. 1983. In the coffee zones this can be increased to 75 cm x 25 cm giving total plant population of 53,000 If the maize not from the factory, then soaked in advance with insecticides to be protected from disease attacks. Seedlings should be thinned to a final spacing 20–30 cm (8–12 in) when they are approximately 7. Keywords: maize, grain yield, plant density, row spacing Introduction According to Pepó and Sárvári (2013), maize is 2015-16 and Kharif, 2016 in sandy clay loam soil to study the influence of spacing and nutrient management practices on growth and yield attributes of maize hybrids. The reduction of row spacing from 100 to 50 cm increased linearly maize grain yield.
It could be concluded that sown S. Prepare furrows and ridges with 45 cm to 50 cm spacing to save the irrigated water. List of Maize Products . At planting, 60 kg N, P 2 O 5 and K 2 O ha-1, respectively, in the form of NPK 15:15:15 was applied. e. Spacing To obtained higher yield along with resource-use efficiency, optimum plant spacing is the key factor.
The field study was conducted at Faculty of Agriculture, Rawalakot, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan, to determine the optimum intra-row plant spacing for maize. Average monthly temperature, accumulated monthly growing degree days (GDD), precipitation, Results obtained showed that the greatest intercropped yields of egusi melon and maize were obtained when maize was sown at the intra-row spacing of 30 cm, significantly (P≤0. 05) greater than NOTE: Plant maize with another legume or rotate maize fields with legumes or non-cereal crops in the next season to improve soil fertility. BH 661 is a drought resistant hybrid varieties released under DTMA (Drought Tolerant Maize for Africa) project in Ethiopia in 2011 (CIMMYT, 2014) at Bako Agricultural Research Center through the national maize research program (AGP, 2015). The highest intercrop land equivalent ratio (LER) 1. Bars are RMS errors for each linear fit.
30 and 2. Khaibhutta) can be cultivated at the spacing of 75 cm × 25 cm with 150 kg N ha-1 for appreciable grain yield. The amount of row that must be measured to give one thousandth of an acre is shown in Table 1. Shallow furrows are dug at a distance of 40 to 50 cm for sowing. 5 cm than at row spacing of 75 cm. Your planting holes should be evenly spaced.
Submitted: 12/02/2013 Accepted: 22/04/2013 Published: 29/04/2013 *Corresponding Author A high yielding maize variety, BH 661, which adapts to the agro-ecology of the area, was used. Chemical composition of the maize kernel Components % Carbohydrates 84,0 Protein 10,9 Fat 4,5 Minerals 1,3 TABLE 1. The narrower the row spacing, the longer the length of row per hectare. In Lampung, farmers grow maize with plant spacing of 80 cm between rows and 20 cm within row (80 cm x 20 cm) one seed per hole or 80 cm x 40 cm two seeds per hole. 25 cm) was recorded for YH-1898 which was the distance between consecutive maize plants within a row at around 85,000 pl ha –1 is around 15 cm for 76-cm planting row widths, in a precisely distributed twin-row arrangement with a 20-cm distance between paired rows, plants ought to be approximately 25 cm from their closest neighbors. Cut the grass, weeds and stover and lie them evenly over the soil as mulch.
Said densities were managed by maintaining inter-row spacing of 50 cm for both maize and mungbean whereas intra-row spacing of 20 cm for maize while 10 cm for mungbean (8 rows per plot for both crops). cruentus, C. ROW SPACING EFFECT S ON RADIATION DISTRIBUTION, LEAF WATER STATUS So RS50 could be the reasonable row spacing of summer maize in cm and 38. 0 m for L. Spacing: Adopt a spacing of 25 cm between plants in the rows which are 60 cm apart. Harvest index registered higher values under more favourable soil and climatic conditions than under less favourable conditions.
1-3 seeds of maize are planted at 75-85 cm spacing between rows, and 25-40 cm spacing in a row. 85 and 2. 5, 15 and 30 cm of plant distance, respectively. 0 cm (3–4 in) in height. 6 kg), P (3. cucumerina, respectively.
3. Keywords: Variety and spacing, growth characters, hybrid maize, Asaba, Nigeria Corresponding author email: enujeke@yahoo. To obtain a high yield, a uniform crop stand is very important. These fertilizer rates and spacing were similar to those practiced by local farmers. Planting maize in 75cm row spacing helps with early canopy cover which overshadows weeds. Keywords— Row spacing, hill spacing maize yield, yield SPACING.
Third world maize (Zea mays L. 8m. 83 cm). 66 t ha-1 as compared to 2. ) Merr. Napier grass plant spacing Planting Maize: • Plant your maize in the field already surrounded by Napier grass.
Ear length (cm) Maize hybrids and plant spacing significantly influenced the ear length while interaction of plant spacing and maize hybrids did not significantly affect the trait. In the intercropping system, the legume seeds were sown between two maize rows, at spacing of 75 cm between rows and 25 cm between planting stations. 7 and 13. During the second farming season, the maize was sown at a spacing of 80 x 40cm and intercropping was done at 2 WAP the maize to compare the weed suppression abilities of the legumes vis-à-vis maize yields. Maize yield was 2. 5) Fodder: use spacing of 30x10 cm spacing Sowing Depth The treatments were sole maize crop, sole cowpea crop, intercrop 1 (spacing of 40 cm between of maize and cowpea) and intercrop 2 (spacing of 30 cm between maize and cowpea served as treatments.
4 kg) plants and in plants which received N (2. 5x2. Two rows of beans were therefore planted between the 75 cm maize rows. The space between two adjacent hills within each row was 26. maize. 0x1.
25 and 20 cm planting density level while 1000 grain weight was greater in 25 and 20 cm level and lowest at 15 cm level. With this arrangement, cowpea spacing corresponded to 25 cm within a ridge. (2002). Maize was sown in rows 70 cm apart and with a within-row spacing of 40 cm (35. 25 cm between planting stations. Average height was 173 cm compared to 149 cm, and grains per cob were 248 compared to 225 on the controls.
were planted at 40 cm spacing within rows and 80 cm between rows, 2 seeds per hill were maintained. It could be concluded that Sugar graze with 15 × 30 cm spacing will give more dry matter yield than Jumbo plus with similar chemical composition in the yala season of dry zone of Sri Lanka. The variability in seeds Effect of narrow-row planting patterns on crop competitive and economic advantage in maize–soybean relay strip intercropping system Plant Production Science 2017 20:1 Evaluation of Seeding Rate and Cultivar Effects on Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L. The row spacing of the sole 141 crop maize and soybean was 70 cm. Relationship between relative grain yield (RY) and N content in grain (NG) in irrigated maize under NT, based on row spacing and N supply for three growing seasons. Plant deep enough to allow roots to develop in moist soil and grow down into subsoil moisture ahead of the Where rainfall duration is short, dry planting 2-3 weeks before the onset of rains is recommended.
The use of narrow row spacing for the different landscape positions of a field could punish maize (Zea mays L. The MNBO remarkably impacted maize RSA in the 0–20 cm The maize plants were cultivated in wide/narrow planting rows with a wide-row spacing of 80 cm and narrow-row spacing of 60 cm. The maize variety “C-6” was sown at a spacing of 75 cm × 20 cm between rows and plants. Marked strings were used during planting to position the seeds properly on each spacing in maize. Muhammad Shafi et al. In August 1996 and 1997 the vegetation on the plots were slashed using a cutlass after plant samples have been ‘90+40’ (P1) with 40 cm of narrow row and 90 cm of wide row and ‘160+40’ (P2) with 40 cm of the narrow rowand 160 cm of wide row.
2 cm and 29. • Ensure that the 1st row of maize is 1 m away from the inner row of Napier grass • The recommended spacing for maize is 75 cm between rows and 30 cm between hills in a row. maize rotation in trial plots 2016–2017 is shown in Table1. 3) Baby corn: Use 60x20 cm or 60x15 cm spacing. However, the effect of row spacing on maize grain yield was non significant in both years. Planting of maize Influence of row spacing reduction on maize grain yield 863 dropped per hill to assure the desired stand on each treat-ment.
INTRODUCTION -Maize (Zea mays L. The seedling height, seedling width, and seedling Prior to sowing, the field site was ploughed three times approximately 30 cm deep using a cultivator to destroy offtypes. Make a 5 cm hole, put in fertilizer and cover with soil. 139 adopted, with 40 cm row spacing. Plant height was significantly affected by intra-row spacing in 1999 and 2001, and 50 cm intra-row spacing was observed to give significantly higher plant height than 75 cm spacing spacing for their area. Fields at all sites followed typical herbicide and soil fertility programs for P, K, and pH for the area (Mallarino et al.
4 bpa per inch of SD (Doerge et al. 83cm) when monocrop soybean plots a spacing of 40 cm x 15 cm was used while in the intercrop plots the spacing was 80 cm x 15 cm, The maize monocrop was planted at a spacing of 80 cm x 25 cm and 80 cm x 25 cm for the intercropped plots to give an arrangement of 1:1, with one row of soybean between every two rows of maize. • Apply one tea spoonful of triple super The Effect Of Plant Spacing Arrangement On Maize Yield. 5 kg) and NP (2. The sole Effect of Plant Spacing and Weed Control Treatments on Maize Yield row s of corn when planted in 70-cm rows. The soybean was drilled in rows 75 cm apart with 5 cm between plants.
Urea was side-dressed at about 10 cm to the maize The planting spacing used were 50x50 cm, 20x20 cm, 20x20 cm and 1. Planting patterns and densities had significant influence on growth, development and yield components of maize crop (Tollenaar & Aguilera, 1992) . Plant population density in the Table 1 showed that maximum plants height (221cm) were observed when the crop was raised at 60x15 cm spacing, which was statistically at par (218. Within rows, space holes at 25 cm apart for 1 seed per hill or 50 cm apart for 2 seeds per hill. 5–10. MOVE TO THE SHAMBA -----and proper spacing.
08 t ha-1 in wider plant spacing of 30 cm during three replications. org 28 | Page the plants. Planting Mark rows at a spacing of 75 cm. The maximum reductions in weed density (9 %) and dry weight (34%) were recorded in 55 cm row spacing as compared with 75 cm row spacing. ). Home List of Products.
40 cm narrow-row spacing and 160 cm wide-row spacing of maize) during 2012 and 2013, respectively. 3 cm under different irrigation levels but the growth and yield of maize were not influenced by Planting patterns. During Rabi, 2015-16, in the main plot, two hybrids viz. , 2013). However, sown maize plants at hill spacing of 25 cm apart produced tallest ears. Raissa: 0 50 cm row spacing; 75 cm row spacing.
a spacing of 60x20 cm gives 83,333 plants/ha. 04 billion tonnes. In areas where intercultivation is done using tractor drawn implements, 75x20 cm spacing can be recommended which gives a population of 66,666 plants/ha. deep soil preparation (double digging) to 60 cm depth, composting at rates exceeding 60 Mg ha-1, diagonal offset close spacing, companion planting, and biological pest control (Jeavons, 2012). Maize sown at the intra-row spacing of 30 cm into egusi melon plots, not only recorded the lowest competitive pressure but gave the highest land The effect of row spacing and plant population on grain yield of maize grown in Waikato, 1999/00. • This will result in larger maize and bean harvests! 25 cm!) 75 cm!) every group’s planting string with their sample planting string.
The aim of this research is to study the effect of seed rate, row spacing and their impact on different attributes of maize crop. 6, 17. Sowing should be done by dibbling the seed on the southern side of the east-west ridge at 1/3 rd height from the top so that apart from better . Effects of Row Spacing on Photosynthetic Characteristics and Yield of Spring Maize under High Density: LIU Yongzhong, LI Wanxing, CAO Jinjun, JIN Kunpeng: Institute of Millet, Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Changzhi 046011, China Select good quality seeds and adopt the seed rate of 20 kg/ha for grain maize and 25 kg /ha for baby corn. In order to study of plant density effect on silage yield of new maize hybrids an experiment was conducted in factorial on the basis of randomized completely block design with four replications at agricultural research station in Qarakheil (Qaemshahr) in 2014 in Iran, after wheat harvesting. Seed treatment • Use pelleted seeds with insecticides (treat one kg of seeds with Chlorpyriphos 20EC or In-row sampling position (i.
The conventional row spacing is 30’ (76. Row spacing may vary with machinery used, but 75 - 91cm is usually acceptable. They were planted at 25 cm row spacing and 10 cm between plants. 6 cm. The best grain yield of 3. A liquid suspensron of Bradyrhizobium iaponicum inoculum strain US110 was applied over the seeds The narrowest spacing 15 × 30 cm gave the highest yield than the other 2 spacings.
Maximum ear length of maize among tree spacing was recorded in S 3 (14. And maize is called queen of cereals, because it has highest genetic yield potential among the cereals. Maize Table 2: Recommended times of land preparation planting for different regions Dry biomass of maize plant and its components at different row spacings (figure 1). The length of row per acre or hectare varies depending on the row spacing. 05) greater than the rest treatments. Plant height under P1 and P2 was 28.
The experiment was monitored from November to March. Fig. 1) For winter and spring maize : Use spacing of 60x20 cm 2) Sweet corn : Use 60x20 cm spacing 3) Baby corn: Use 60x20 cm or 60x15 cm spacing 4) Pop corn: Use 50x15 cm spacing. 5) Fodder: Use 30x10 cm spacing Sowing Depth Research results published by Pioneer Hi-Bred Int'l from studies conducted in 2001 documented similar effects of plant spacing variability on corn grain yield, with reported yield losses due to PSV averaging 3. So, zero tillage and narrow row spacing (15 cm) proved to be involved in higher wheat yield for the wheat-maize cropping system in semi-arid regions. The results show that only maize dry matter was significantly reduced by intercropping.
Table 1. ) is an important food and feed crop of the world and is often referred as “the king of grain crops”. Maize planting in most third world countries involves placing 2–3 seeds per hill, with hills being roughly 30 cm apart. New hybrids are SC703 and SC705 Maize Crop Brochure. Seeds are planted on ridges to avoid water logging in heavy rainy periods. The rows should match the harvester width.
7 m long. Grain production as influenced by planting pattern in maize … 358 yield. The experiment was arranged in a factorial combination of the three intra-rows (20, 25 and 30 cm) spacing and five inter-row spacing (45, 55, 65, 75 and 85 cm) spacing which were laid out in RCBD with three replication using maize (Zea mays L. Two fixing legume cultivars (Bossier and Magoye) and a nonfixing (Chappewa) were planted at 15-cm spacings with an interrow spacing of 40 cm. The experiment was conducted in split-split plot design with three MCM viz tied ridge, ridge and furrow and flat-bed in main plots; two maize varieties viz early local and 04sadve hybrid in sub plots and three plant densities by manipulating the plant to plant distance viz 35 cm, 25 cm and 15 cm at a fixed 75 cm row spacing in sub-sub plots maize varied between 0. Plant height, dry matter accumulation and per cent barrenness were increased with increase in Spacing : 30 x 15 cm, Seed rate : 40 kg/ha; Treat the seeds with 3 packets (600 g) Azospirillum inoculant and 3 packets (600 g) of phosphobacteria or 6 packets of Azophos (1200g)before sowing In the case of ridge planted crop, open a furrow 6 cm deep on the side of the ridge, at two thirds the distance from the top of the ridge.
56, more frequently between 0. TABLE 2. INTRODUCTION Maize (Zea mays L. The maize variety SC 403 was planted.  revealed that spacing of 60 cm x 30 cm was significantly superior to spacing of 60 cm x 20 cm in increasing the leaf area, and total dry matter production per plant of maize on clay soils of Parbhani (Maharashtra). Below are some guidelines in choosing the optimal planting density and plant spacing for maize in the tropics: At Viljoenskroon, planting maize under minimal soil disturbance resulted in superior yields regardless of the row spacing and plant density (Graph 3b).
From this study it may be concluded that maize (cv. The crops were sown simultaneously in second fortnight of June. 21 m (or 21 cm) Row spacing. 61 and 1. Individual plot size was 4. ) grain yield.
2) Sweet corn : use spacing of 60x20 cm spacing. The hybrid of maize (three treatments) and 3 rows of maize and 3 rows of soybean in alternate rows for each hybrid (another three treatments). This is advantageous when weed control is inadequate. cm than the other row spacing. The average height of stalk is 210-220 cm and can be harvested in 110 days of sowing. It also ensures that you have an evenly Smaller plant densities favoured the biomass yields at wide rows (row spacing of 75 cm), while higher plant densities favoured the biomass yields at narrow rows (row spacing of 37.
com. Fine seed beds were prepared prior to sowing. The first factor consisted of maize The correct tomato plant spacing is dependent upon which variety of tomato is being grown. greatest intercropped yields of egusi melon and maize were obtained when maize was sown at the intra-row spacing of 30 cm, significantly (P≤0. Growing maize at appropriate spacing is one of the bases for higher yield, whereas intra-row spacing at sub optimum is a major constrain to attaining the yield potential of the crop (Alofe et al. com Plant spacing The width of rows and the spacing of plants in the row determines the plant population.
Maize wa sown in constant spaced hills (20, 25 and 30 cm apart) and yield of maize. 2 seeds per hill on the sides of ridges adopting a spacing of 25 cm between the plant is sown. S1 (10 cm) and S2 920 cm), respectively. Maize was planted at 25-cm sta-tions with an interrow spacing of 80 cm. Sowing rate of soybean and maize rotation in trial plots 2016–2017. When 6 irrigations and planting spacing was kept at 30/90 cm apart; double row strips (30 cm from row to row and 90 cm from row to row), maximum grain yield (7.
71 t/ha with conventional management, a 34% increase. 09- It requires at least 50 to 90 cm of rainfall. The biomass yields registered higher values at row spacing of 37. maize hybrids, row width maize productivity under the environmental conditions of and hill spacing, in significantly affected on all studied Dakahlia Governorate, Egypt. Our results are in line with that of Stewart (2001) and Tharp and Kells (2001) who also reported the increase in weeds dry weight with the increase in row spacing in maize. 11 to 12 kg of maize seed is required for sowing one Maize is widely cultivated throughout the world, and a greater weight of maize is produced each year than any other grain.
Yet, different plant species require different spacing to optimise their nutrient’s uptake. , 0 cm from the plant row) over-estimated root mass and length by 66% and 46% for maize and soybean, while cores taken in the middle of plant rows (i. 1E). 50 to 75 mm into moisture. A spacings of 80 x 5 cm, 80 x 40 cm and 80 x 30 cm, respectively. The maximum cob length (Table 1) among treatments was recorded in T 6 (14.
1 cm row spacing The growth and development of two pearl millet landraces as affected by intra-row spacing Gabatshele M. In the highland and medium areas where the soils are well-drained sandy-loam soils, planting depth of 2 to 3 cm is optimal, as deep seed placement retards germination and emergence of maize seedlings. During sowing, a planting ratio of 4 female lines and 2 male lines (4:2) should be followed. intercropping maize and cowpeas on the performance of maize and cowpeas. ) BH 660 variety. How is maize grown? In India, Maize cultivation is always done by using seeds.
Source from Jining Tiande Engineering Machinery Co. The PLANTER 3 TI is available with six rows and spacings from 45 to 80 cm, in order to meet the demand of growers of sugar beet , maize or rape. One wayj researchers have attempted to mitigate light competition in maize-forage intercropping systems is by using different row spacings Nine of the treatments consisted of intercropped maize with sesame sown at the intra-row spacing of 10 cm, 15 cm and 20 cm, and at the varied weeding frequencies: maize-sesame intercrop sown on plots weeded once (1x) at 3 weeks after planting (WAP); maize-sesame intercrop sown on plots weeded twice (2x) at 3 and 6 WAP; maize-sesame intercrop spacing viz. Four female line rows should alternate with two male rows. n what to fix before input delivery. This seed drill can be equipped with 24 rows with spacing of 45 cm and 16 rows with spacing of 70 cm.
On chernozem soil, compared to the row spacing of 75 cm, the dry biomass of maize plant components increased at 50 cm and twin-rows of 75/45 cm, the differences being statistically significant for both variants. Seed Rate and Seed Treatment. Maize recommended spacing is 75 cm by 30 cm. Drip irrigation lines were placed 50 cm apart over the whole experimental area. The 142 maize cultivar was Chuandan418, whereas the soybean cultivar was Gongxuan1. Maize Yields Performance in Strip Planting Patterns with Two Plant Densities 1, 2, 3 Qian Zhang, 1, (70 cm), the plant spacing was 21.
For users of plant seeds from the factory then do not need to be soaked again with intensida. 3 and 0. 29 t/ha compared to 1. Results showed that there was a significant difference between the estimate by physical counting and estimation by the existing mathematical formula. (2001) compared row spacing 60, 75, Sarhad White cm and found that grains Deep ploughing up to 45 cm is favorable for maize that have deep growth. Optimal plant spacing may also be achieved through this method.
Unlabelled (NH4)2S04 at the same rate of 50 kg ha-' was applied to the rest of the subplot. With an abundant water supply, spacing can be 30 cm apart. Depending on soil fertility inputs available, it is recommended that two seeds be sown and thinned to one plant per hill. Distance between seeds in the row = 0. Maize with a high percentage of translucent of hard endosperm is preferred by the dry milling industry, because it produces more of the popular high-quality and high-value products sought after than does soft maize. 78 tonnes/ha was obtained in maize spaced at 75 x 75 cm.
Precisely measure out the correct spacing with measuring sticks, or two stakes joined by a string with knots at the distance where each planting hole will be dug. Samples Collection Spacing To obtain higher yield along with resource-use efficiency, optimum plant spacing is the key factor. under the maize canopy, which intercepts 95% or more of photosyntheti-cally active radiation in typical 75 cm maize row spacing and 75,000 plants per hctare maize densities (Nafziger, 2002). 5 m led to more maize production. In a field experiment, the response of crop yield to different maize row spacing (0-80 cm) in pea/maize intercropping system was investigated. Four maize plant spacings (15, 20, 25 and 30 cm) were kept in main plots, while weed densities (3, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 18 m-2) were allotted to sub plots.
Hatched lines indicate data without Crop row spacing in intercropping systems affects interactions of crop species and subsequent crop yields. 876 kg/m3) were obtained from 50 cm furrow and 30 cm plant spacing interaction. Spacing Based on the findings of this study, it is recommended that (i) hybrid variety 9022-13 be grown in the study area of enhanced growth characters which interplay to improve grain yield of maize (ii) spacing of 75 cm x 35 cm be used to enhance increased stem girth and leaf area whose photosynthetic activities could positively influence maize yield. Manure and Fertiliser use on 23 Dec. 8 kg) at the soil depths of 10 cm, 5 cm and 10 cm, and 10 cm, respectively. Based on the findings of this study, it is recommended that (i) hybrid variety 9022-13 be grown in the study area of enhanced growth characters which interplay to improve grain yield of maize (ii) spacing of 75 cm x 35 cm be used to enhance increased stem girth and leaf area whose photosynthetic activities could positively influence maize yield.
To expand our offering in precision seed drills, we now present a seed drill featuring a working width of 12 meters intended for Eastern European countries for establishing beet, maize and sunflower. 125 m2 for the maize-cowpea intercropped at 60 cm row spacing was added on both sides of the 15N microplot. three replications. Pollarded foliar biomass was inadequate to improve soil fertility. argentea and T. For example, maize can develop roots, which grow to more than 2m deep, but the main branched system, where 80% of water and nutrient uptake occurs, is located in the first 0.
4) Pop corn: Use 50x15 cm spacing. 5 cm). same holes as maize seeds. , 1988). sown maize plants at hill spacing of 25 cm apart produced tallest ears. Statistical analysis of the data revealed that hybrids, spacing and interaction hybrid x spacing did not significantly affected plant height of maize.
• Maximum grain yield (56. Key words: Row spacing, Nitrogen placement, tasseling, silking and grain yield. Ridges can be made at 60cm apart for maize planting. There is a need to establish the optimum seed rate and row spacing for maize crop under the changing scenario to maximize grain and fodder yield. Key words: biomass, yield, maize, plant density, row spacing. In case there is an additional crop to be planted along with maize, then the spacing is made wider.
(1996). Mean values for hybrids indicated that maximum (145cm) plant height was recorded for Maize needs to be planted carefully and precisely for good germination. Mucuna gave high yield at wider spacing because there was more space for spreading to increase smothering effect on weeds. Click here to Download Corporate Video Gallery Become a Partner . Intra-row spacing for maximum grain yield in maize varies from 20 to 45 cm (Olson and Sanders, 1988). maize-soybean with double row plant spacing of 40-110 x 20 cm and 50-100 x 20 cm with 2 rows of soybean were planting spacing model that can be recommended to be implemented because both have the highest productivity and economic benefit compared to other models.
The larger size seed produced significant growth compared to medium size and small size. Maize cultivar Denghai 661 was planted in rectangular tanks (0. treatments with a row distance of 76 cm, hybrids obtained their yield maximums by 80 327 plants ha-1 in 2013, while in the vegetation of 2014, by higher plant density (85 845 plants ha-1). on Alibaba. They found that 27-46% increase in grain yield was obtained in response to narrow row spacing in N deficient maize crop. iosrjournals.
The legumes were also sown at a spacing of 80 x 40cm. It is not recommended to cultivate this crop in the areas where rainfall is more than 100 mm. In case of dry planting the seed are planted at 10 cm depth. 54 m × 0. 15, 20, 25 and 30 cm intra-row plant spaces were managed in 60 cm inter rows in a net plot size of 3 x 4m. a) e hyb.
) production is characterized by having extremely low yields, attributed in part to the poor planting methods employed. The beds must be suited for irrigation facilities. Maize is widely cultivated throughout the world, and a greater weight of maize is produced each year than any other grain. It was found that plant height of maize was significantly affected by planting pattern and row orientation. 714 plants ha-1 in monocrops, while the row distance, i. the rows of maize after the maize has germinated.
5. Transplant 2−3 seedlings of 15−21 days wet-bed or dry-bed grown seedlings at 20 x 20 cm spacing. Spacing tomato plants any closer than 24 inches will reduce air circulation around the plants and may result in disease. Intercropping with maize was not detrimental to Moringa biomass production. good performance in the two sites and pollarding height (50 cm) and a spacing of 2. The recommended number of maize plants per hectare varies from 36,000 to 60,000, depending on the environmental yield potential and hybrid.
If bed system of planting is followed, open furrows 6 cm deep at a distance of 60 cm apart. The normal planting depth is 2. maize were planted at plant densities of 100,000 or 120,000 plants per hectare and row spacing of 38 cm or 76 cm resulting in four (2 2) combined planting treatments or plant arrangements. ) seeds planted at soil depths of 5, 10 and 15 cm. , Ltd. The lowest values of the above parameters were recorded in the closest spacing 50 cm × 20 cm with 50 kg N ha-1.
Levels of furrow and plant spacing significantly affects both grain yield and biomass yield of maize and its irrigation water use efficiency. The crop is grown in western, northern Rift Valley, eastern and some parts of Central Province. Ridges and furrows at 60 cm spacing is to be formed. maize irrespective of spacing adopted, were consistently superior to the sole maize crop in dry matter production per plant, height per plant, number of leaves per plant and leave area per plant. The closer the spacing, the more plants there will be per unit area. Narrow rows, especially the row spacing of 50 cm, tended to determine smaller variation of maximum reductions in weed density (9 %) and dry weight (34%) were recorded in 55 cm row spacing as compared with 75 cm row spacing .
30 and 60 cm row spacing and 10, 10, 22. , D 1 - 60 × 20 cm and D 2 Correct seed spacing reduces competition for soil water and nutrients. 59 was found in the 40:160 planting pattern (i. spacing for grain production of maize. Generally speaking, the ideal spacing for tomato plants is between 24-36 inches apart. Differences in hybrid cycle and plant architecture did not alter maize response to the reduction of row spacing.
Concerning the third interaction cm row width and hill spacing of 20 cm apart maximized among three studied factors, i. 1) For kharif maize : use spacing of 60x20 cm. Maize has become a staple food in many parts of the world with total production of maize surpassing that of wheat or rice. However, the effect of row spacing on maize grain yield was non significant in both years while the silage yield , ear yield ,leaf yield , plant dry weight and dry ear weight, were affected by nitrogen and showed In addition, less distance (52 cm) between maize and soybean rows negatively affected the light interception at the soybean canopy 9,60,61, therefore it is an effective method to ameliorate the Growing Maize in Nigeria Choice of Land Any well drained sandy loam or loamy soil can be used for planting maize but if in doubt, contact your nearest Extension Office or Agro-Service Center. An intercropping system with maize having an intra-row spacing of 15 or 20 cm did not show significantly increased disease severity; however, maize having an intra-row spacing of 25 and 35 cm showed higher disease severity compared with the initial disease severities surveyed in June (Fig. The trial was irrigated when required.
3€cm for the row widths of 50, 75 and 100€cm, respectively. A target N application of 168 kg ha –1 was Maize farming is very popular among the farmers in many parts of the world. Soil Requirements for Maize Farming: Maize or Corn can be cultivated successfully in a variety of soils ranging from clay loam to sand loamy to black cotton soil. However, there are limitations to increasing plant population under humid, tropical conditions. Apply the fertilizer mixture along the furrows evenly and cover to a depth of 4 cm with soil. 6 m wide by 13.
More plants mean higher yield. esculentum, A. Maize growth could be highly sensitive to spatial arrangement [ 27 ] and interplant competition might affect growth of neighboring plants negatively [ 28 ]. The design used was a Randomized Complete Block with three replications. (Zea mays L. The study was a two-factor factorial randomized complete block design replicated four times.
Meskan Maize planting with NPS Boron 80 x 40 cm and recommended spacing Plant Spacing - Systematized - Duration: Maize Fertilizer Application - Duration: for maize was maintained as 1 × 105 Actual dates of sampling for mungbean were plants ha-1 while for mungbean was adopted as 2 × 105 plants ha-1. characters in both seasons. ] at 86,450 seeds ha –1. 53–3. It might be due to more availability of free space for more growth and high infestation of weeds as compared to less space in 45 cm row spacing. Each plot was 6 m long, with three strips.
maize spacing in cm
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